What are the Causes of Acne? What are the Acne Treatments?

Not a teenager anymore but the acne is still part of your life? Don’t worry it is quite common to have acne in adulthood. It occurs in people of all ages even though it is perceived to be a problem of adolescent life. There are numerous causes of acne, as well as acne treatments that you must check out below. 

Causes of adult acne

The four factors directly contributing to your acne are excess oil production, pores becoming clogged by “sticky” skin cells, bacteria and inflammation. In addition there are indirect factors like hormones, stress, and the menstrual cycle (in women) that influence oil production.

Beware even hair products, skin care products, and makeup clog pores and lead to acne. And of course our diet influences inflammation throughout the body, making us take medicines including corticosteroids, anabolic steroids, and lithium that can cause acne. Your doctor can evaluate the condition and tell you the root cause of your acne problem.

How to prevent breakouts?

First things first, Acne is not always in our control. But we of course can take measures to prevent them like making sure to never go to bed with makeup on, always checking labels when purchasing cosmetics and skincare products, avoiding facial oils and hair products containing oil. If they contain any type of oil, opt for non-comedogenic, oil-free products. Wear sunscreen with SPF 30+ daily (all weathers) to prevent darkening of acne spots.

Secondly avoid fast food, too salty or sugary food as much as possible. Opt for nutritious food and exercise regularly to keep body and mind in the right shape as many people get stress acne from time to time. These small health innovations will bring a lot of shine on your face, keeping you away from acne. 

Effective treatment

There are many treatments available depending on the type and severity of acne. Topical tretinoin works by turning over skin cells faster to prevent clogged pores. It is effective in any acne treatment regimen. Additionally it treats fine wrinkles while making the skin tone even and brightening the skin. There are medicines doctors can prescribed so a doctor consultation is a must before taking any on the counter pills. There are photodynamic therapy, Chemical peels available to treat acne and fade post-inflammatory pigment changes.

Choose simple, non-irritating, perfume and colour free skin care products that are gentle and safe for skin with acne. Do not squeeze or pick at acne lesions that worsens the situation leading to discoloration and scarring. See the right board certified dermatologist and commit to a treatment regimen.

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